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Cyan Worlds HeadQuarters.Every great game series has a creator that started it all, and the Myst series is no exception. Cyan Worlds, Inc. (originally just Cyan, Inc.) was started by brothers Rand and Robyn Miller in 1987, and generally made games for children, beginning with cult classics The Manhole, released in 1988, Cosmic Osmo and the Worlds Beyond the Mackerel, released in 1989, and Spelunx, released in 1992. All were typical puzzle-adventure games similar to the Reader Rabbit series. Eventually, however, the Miller brothers grew tired of making simple children’s point-and-click games, dreaming of a game that was similar to Spelunx and Cosmic Osmo, but for older gamers. In this game, players would travel between different worlds, solving puzzles and unraveling a mystery as nebulous as the main world of the game itself. The game, they decided, would be called Myst, inspired by the Jules Verne novel The Mysterious Island, to reflect the surreal environment they sought to create.

The game was a huge success, becoming the best-selling computer game for years until The Sims took that title in 2002. The Millers even described the game as “[Growing] legs and walking off of the shelves” because it was so popular. Myst is widely considered to be one of the reasons the CD-ROM drive became such a popular tool among household computers, eventually driving out floppy disks. Critics of the game could only watch in awe as the game they saw as little more than a ‘slideshow’ grew into a cult classic with a devoted fanbase.

After the huge success of Myst, the fans became eager for another addition to the series, and Cyan delivered. Riven: The Sequel to Myst, the second game in the series and widely thought to be the best of the games among Myst fans, was released in 1997 to much hype and anticipation. Critics once again scoffed and rolled their eyes, but the fans were eager to play this newest addition. Riven was more intricate and challenging than Myst, and it didn’t have as many Ages to explore as Myst did. The player didn’t even link as often as they did in Myst. The game came on five disks, requiring the player to switch whenever they reached a new island. Many fans complained that this disrupted the flow of the game, but many others didn’t mind one bit. Riven eventually became the best-selling game of 1997.

Around this same time, Cyan made big strides in their level of work. They hired several new programmers to work on various aspects of the game and upgraded their programs to handle the newRand Miller, Creator of the Myst series and CEO of Cyan Worlds, Inc. technology. The crew began to use more blue screen, live-action footage to increase the feel of the game. Cyan also introduced more aspects of the culture of Atrus’ people, the D’ni, including a language created by Richard A. Watson (affectionately known as RAWA by Myst fans). The D’ni language is so ingrained in the culture of Myst fans that many of them can read, speak and write it to some degree, and more extreme fans even study it!

A few years later, Robyn Miller decided to leave Cyan to pursue other interests, leaving the company without a composer! Rand Miller took over the company and decided to take it in a different direction, renaming Cyan to Cyan Worlds. Rand and the rest of the crew continued to work on the Myst games, eventually coming up with two. The first would be a sequel to Riven that would break even more rules about the Adventure gaming genre. The second would be a spin-off that also broke bounds, but would explore more of the D’ni culture. Cyan Worlds began to develop both, but eventually discovered that they couldn’t handle two at a time and tried to offer the game to various companies. Presto Studios, known for creating the Journeyman Project series, eventually took the job and began working on the next game in the Myst series, Myst III: Exile.

Exile took things to a far different level. Presto Studios, under the direction of Cyan Worlds, came up with a very dark storyline, easier puzzles than Riven, and a new way to look at the game worlds by allowing 360-degree camera movement. Now the player could look around to see where they were, use it to discover previously unseen clues and hints, and even turn to look behind them if the eerie atmosphere made them nervous. Exile was released in 2001 for the PC and in 2002 for other game consoles. It wasn’t as big of a seller as Myst and Riven were, but it was still a hit with Myst fans and newcomers to the series alike for its superior graphics, sound, and steady plot revelation. Many fans, however, had a mixed reaction to the game. The more serious fans loathed Cyan Worlds for allowing another company to make the game, even going so far as to say that Exile wasn’t a part of the Myst series! More open-minded fans, however, took the game very positively. This dispute divided the fans and caused a great deal of tension until Cyan Worlds explained that they were working on a new Myst game and couldn’t do both things at once. The problem was solved, but there is still some dispute between Riven and Exile fans today.

Cyan Worlds’ other project, Uru: Ages Beyond Myst, took a far different turn. The game strayed from first-person and became third person, allowing the player to customize their character’s look. The game also went into real time 3D for the graphics, which means that the graphics were not still, ‘slideshow’ images anymore. Uru also delved far deeper into D’ni culture, taking place mostly in the A poster advertising Uru Live, Cyan World's attempt at a MMORPG.abandoned underground D’ni city. Originally, Uru was to come with access to an online version of the game called Myst Online: Uru Live, but this didn’t happen. Uru Live was later developed into a game and released on Gametap, but it was recently cancelled. Cyan Worlds planned to resurrect the game a third time, to mixed reception from Myst fans, but this also failed, resulting in Cyan Worlds releasing the code to the fans and leaving it up to them to revive Uru Live.

Uru wasn’t as lucky in the market as Exile was. Although it was received positively, fewer copies were sold of Uru than of the previous three games, making this game a commercial failure for Cyan Worlds. Myst fans, however, embraced the game with open arms, making Uru a cult classic and creating a subculture of Myst fans who call themselves Explorers. Two expansion packs were also released for Uru, Uru: To D’ni and Uru: The Path of the Shell, which added unreleased content to the games that Cyan Worlds had initially been saving for the first attempt at launching Uru Live. Both expansion packs were also received quite positively.

Unfortunately, Presto Studios soon closed their doors after making Myst III: Exile, leaving Cyan Worlds once again without a company for their next game. Still busy with Uru and the then in-development Uru Live, Cyan Worlds was too busy to make the next game, Myst IV: Revelation. Once again in want of a developer, Cyan Worlds turned to DreamForge to make the game. The company eagerly accepted the game and began development. DreamForge’s version of Revelation would’ve been in real time and used more computer-generated characters than the previous titles, but Ubisoft, who by then had acquired the rights to the Myst franchise, shut them down after two years of development. Ubisoft then began to redesign the game from scratch. Cyan Worlds set down a list of rules for Ubisoft to follow and let them have at it.

Revelation was a success, for the most part. It received great praise for its graphics, story, and puzzles. Immersion for this game was key, as demonstrated by its ALIVE game engine – trees swayed in the breeze, animals interacted with you, water moved realistically, and the clouds in the sky moved. The game also added light effects, such as a lens flare when the player looked up at the sun. While positively received, many critics disliked the steep technological needs for the game – Revelation was the first of the Myst games to come exclusively on DVD-ROM, meaning that the player needed a DVD-ROM drive in order to play it, and once installed, the game took up over seven gigabytes of space on the computer’s hard drive! This meant that in order to play Revelation, the player’s computer had to be very up-to-date. Even then, the game often had problems if the computer’s graphics card couldn’t handle the heavy needs the game required. A patch was eventually released to fix this problem and is still available if you really search for it.

At this point, Cyan Worlds began to have financial issues. With the critical flop that was Uru and the slowly-developing Uru Live, they could no longer afford to continue making computer games as they once did. Rand Miller decided to give the series one more shot and came up with a new, real time game based off of unused Uru content. Myst V: End of Ages was, and had to be, the final game of the Myst series, and was announced as such.

End of Ages was well-received as a fitting end to the Myst series. The step into real-time territory was noted by many reviewers, and the music was also praised, but many thought the graphics and Actress Regin Altay being filmed in the face-mapping device for her role as Yeesha in Myst V.immersion level fell short of what players had come to expect from the series. Gone were the non-story line items that the player could interact with, as they did in Revelation. Gone was the sound of the player’s footsteps as they walked to the next spot. The characters were computer-created models that used a new technology to map the voice actors’ faces onto the base.

After the release of End of Ages, the financial issues became too large for Cyan Worlds to keep up with, and in late 2005, the company decided that it was time to close its doors. Rand Miller laid off all but two employees and announced to the press that Cyan Worlds was ceasing software development. Two weeks later, however, Rand Miller managed to pull the Cyan Worlds team back together and began working on a new game, Cosmic Osmo’s Hex Isle, along with focusing more on Uru Live, which finally launched on Gametap in 2007. The game unfortunately only lasted for a year and was taken down in early 2008.

The current logo of Cyan Worlds, Inc.
With all of this history behind them, the big question now is “Where is Cyan Worlds going today?” Cyan Worlds recently regained the rights to Uru Live and planned to relaunch it as MORE, or Myst Online: Restoration Experiment, but this ultimately failed and Cyan Worlds has given the task to its fans in the form of open-source code. The company did plan on starting a new series called Latus, but this is now thought to be cancelled. Rand Miller has stated that he is attempting to move away from the legacy of Myst, and who can blame him? Myst is the kind of series that few others can top, even with merchandise, devoted fans, and stunning gameplay of their own. No matter what you think about the Myst series, there is one undeniable fact that neither critics nor fans can ignore: Myst set a great example for and changed the rules of the video game industry, one that many games still follow and aspire to today.


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